7 Myths About The Sinking Of The Titanic: True Or False?
It's been 84 years, and I can still smell the fresh paint. The china had never been used. The sheets had never been slept in. Titanic was called the Ship of Dreams, and it was. It really was. - Old Rose
There are few events in modern memory more shrouded in myth and romance than the sinking of Titanic. But how much of that mythology is true? Read on the find out!
One of the most memorable and shocking aspects of James Camerons Titanic is the ships crew refusing to allow third class passengers onto the deck of the ship during the sinking. We all remember those locked gates, guarded by heartless sailors, conspiring to trap our heroes in the ever rising water.
Actually, theres no truth to that at all.
There were indeed gates on the ship designed to keep passengers in their class-assigned areas. But there was no concerted effort to lock poorer passengers below during the sinking so that the rich could escape instead - and certainly not one carried out at gunpoint.
It is true that one of the reasons many first and second class passengers survived is more and easier access to the higher decks. It was more difficult for those in steerage to make their way out of the bowels of the ship because thats where their quarters were located.
To the extent gates were used to keep the poor in their place, this was a result of a US immigration policy enacted out of fear that newcomers might spread disease.
Two of the most enduring myths about the sinking of the Titanic concern the chairman of the White Star Line, J. Bruce Ismay, who was aboard for the maiden voyage and survived the sinking.
One commonly-held belief is that Ismay was a despicable coward who snuck aboard a lifeboat, possibly in disguise, and saved himself at the expense of fellow passengers lives.
After the disaster, Ismay was savaged by the American press for having survived. He was shunned by British society as well, and retired from public life shortly after Titanic went down. Every single portrayal of the sinking has depicted Ismay as a villain - even the one produced by the Nazis.
However, an examination of the facts reveals that this is totally unfair. The real reason why Ismay was smeared in the first place probably has less to do with his behavior and more to do with his powerful enemies. (continued…)
Keep reading on the next page!
Ismay had previously worked for the notorious American newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst, whose life inspired the movie Citizen Kane.
Hearst, who was fiercely anti-British, fell out with Ismay after the latter married an American woman.
Hearsts papers seem to be responsible for reducing Ismay to a caricature of the heartless, self-entitled businessman. They dubbed him J. Brute Ismay and published nasty editorials branding him a coward. Hearsts papers published a list of all those who died aboard Titanic, but under the survivors column, they printed Ismays name alone.
In reality, the British inquiry into the sinking exonerated Ismay completely, noting that he stayed behind and helped many fellow passengers into lifeboats. He only just escaped from the ship about 20 minutes before it sank, climbing aboard a collapsible when he realized that there were still empty seats no other passengers around.
There was room for [Ismay] and he jumped in, reads the finding of the British inquiry. Had he not jumped in, he would merely have added one more life, namely, his own, to the number of those lost.
The even more serious slander against Ismay is the oft-repeated notion that Titanic sank because he ordered the Captain and Chief Engineer to attempt reckless speeds order to set a record. There is no credible evidence that this ever happened. In fact, it makes absolutely no sense for a number of reasons.
Firstly, ships making trans-atlantic voyages at that time followed one of two routes - a northern track and southern track. Titanic was on the southern track, which was a longer trip by about 200 nautical miles, meaning it would have been impossible to set any record.
Secondly, the White Star Line did not design its ships for speed. Titanic, like the rest of the fleet, was built to carry a large number of passengers in comfortable accommodations at a modest pace. Trying to make the ship go faster would have cost an enormous sum of money, both in fuel and in potential damage to the engines.
Thirdly, even if it were practically possible, a ship arriving in port a day early would only annoy passengers and cause no end of trouble. Nobody would be pleased to arrive on Tuesday morning with no hotel room to stay in until Wednesday night. In fact, Ismay had written letters in the past expressly arguing against his ships arriving ahead of schedule.
And now for a Titanic myth thats actually completely true. The sinking actually was predicted in a work of fiction in terrifying detail. (continued...)
Keep reading on the next page!
In 1898, 14 years before the sinking, author Morgan Robertson published a novella called Futility. In hindsight, people noted that there were a number of eerie similarities between Robertsons book and the wreck of the Titanic.
The ship in Robertsons novella was called Titan.
It was 800 feet long (Titanic measured in at 882 feet) with a displacement of 45,000 tons (Titanic: 46,000 tons).
It was rumoured to be unsinkable, had a triple screw engine, and carried the minimum legal complement of lifeboats. Sound familiar?
The fictional Titan sank after striking an iceberg on its starboard side in the North Atlantic in April while travelling in excess of 20 knots about 400 nautical miles from Newfoundland.
The real-life Titanic sank after striking an iceberg on its starboard side in the North Atlantic in April while travelling in excess of 20 knots about 400 nautical miles from Newfoundland.
Robertsons fictional portrayal was so true-to-life that it led to speculation that he was some kind of clairvoyant. (He insisted he wasnt.)
Captain Edward John E.J. Smith is often presented as a tragic hero, the gallant seafarer doomed to a watery grave on the final voyage of his career. But historians call foul on that flattering depiction of Titanics senior officer, suggesting that he deserves more blame than his big screen portrayals would lead you to believe.
For one thing, Smith inexplicably ignored the ice warnings he received from other ships, failing to slow his ship down even though he surely understood the risks posed by icebergs in calm water.
He also allowed lifeboats to launch while they were only half full or less. Perhaps he didnt realize the seriousness of the situation at first, but even if thats the case, his arrogant miscalculation cost many lives. Once the half-empty boats were clear of the ship, they did not return to pick up others, rightly fearing that they would be capsized in the panic.
Finally, historians fault Smith for failing to issue an order to abandon ship, resulting in chaos and complacency both.
"History records him as dying a heroic death, says Titanic expert Paul Louden-Brown. Statues were erected in his memory. There were postcards produced and stories of him swimming through the water with a child in his arms, saying 'good luck, lads, look after yourself'… all of which never happened.
Smith's ultimate fate is unclear, despite some garbled reports that he may have shot himself.
Speaking of people who may or may not have shot themselves. (continued...)
Keep reading on the next page!
First Officer William Murdoch continues to be a contentious figure, mainly because of his portrayal in James Cameron's Titanic.
In the film, Murdoch is the officer in command when the ship strikes the iceberg - which is accurate. He's also shown to be corrupt, accepting a bribe from Cal Hockley (Billy Zane), but later throwing it in his face - Your money can't save you any more than it can save me. This, of course, is not accurate.
Most controversially, in the midst of the sinking, the character shoots a passenger before turning the gun on himself in a final act of desperate contrition.
This aspect of the script sparked outrage in Murdoch's home town of Dalbeattie, Scotland, where his memory is still held dear.
It is true that a scene similar to the one depicted in the movie was reported by several eye witnesses, who recalled seeing an unidentified officer shoot disorderly passengers and then commit suicide in the ship's final moments. Even if these reports are accurate, there is no evidence that the officer in question was Murchoch.
The suggestion that the First Officer took his own life was contradicted by the testimony of Second Officer Charles Lightoller, who survived. Lightoller attested that he saw Murdoch get swept overboard by a wave while attempting to launch one final lifeboat, and insisted that his superior had died like a man, doing his duty.
It is possible that Lightoller fabricated this account in order to spare Murdoch's widow further anguish, but there's absolutely no evidence that Murdoch behaved improperly during the sinking. In fact, 75% of those who escaped Titanic did so in lifeboats launched by Murdoch.
James Cameron ultimately apologized for the unjustified vilification.
The immaculate, detailed, and accessible list of those who survived and those who died aboard Titanic has led to an interesting coincidence; as it happens, there was a man listed as J. Dawson who died that fateful night.
This fuelled speculation by James Cameron fans that the character Jack Dawson was real, or at least based on a real person. Actually, J. Dawson was a crew member named Joseph. He was a 23-year-old Irishman who worked in the ship's furnaces, and Cameron has stated repeatedly that he had no idea the real Dawson existed.
Nevertheless, Dawson's grave in Halifax, marked J. Dawson, became a site of pilgrimage for teenage girls (and others) after the release of the film in 1997, with many leaving flowers and other tokens by Jack's grave.
Thanks for reading. What do you think?
Have you ever found yourself in an argument so stupid and/or pointless that you were sure you were being punked? Like you keep looking away from the other person to check your surroundings for places Ashton Kutcher and a camera crew could come popping out of?
You're not the only one.
u/Anti-hollowkid asked: What is the dumbest argument you've ever been in?Brace yourselves, folks. Some of these arguments are breathtakingly bonkers. The sheer number of people who are willing to argue with someone over provable facts and what that other person likes or doesn't like is just ... stunning. It's stunning, you guys. Just not in a good way.
I Know What I LikeGiphy
My wife and I once argued over whether or not I liked mustard on my hot dog. I was for me liking mustard, she was against me liking mustard.
The argument lasted way longer that you could ever imagine it would.
A Stair Step
My brother and I argued if our staircase had 13 or 14 steps, based on an argument about if the floor of the second floor counts as a stair-step or not. We still have no solution.
My dad is a stairbuilder and I spent many summers working at his warehouse, so I can clear this up. 14.
My husband and I have this thing where we only say "I love you" on Saturdays. Every other day it's "I love you, but only on Saturdays." I don't know how it started, but it's been going for 11 years now.
We're both shiftworkers, so sometimes we have to stop and think what day it actually is. We had an argument recently over whether it was Saturday or not. I said it was Saturday, he said it was Friday. It was Monday.
I remember when I was about 13 my parents had an hour-long shouting match that ended with them almost getting divorced. The issue? Whether or not the nation of Iraq has a coastline.
My mother arguing that Iraq had a coastline, while my stepdad argued that it did not. This was back in 2004, and they are still quite happily married to this day. That incident is something they look back on and laugh about, and both of them admit it was really a pretty stupid thing to argue over.
With an ex:
"I owe you $80 for the bills of ours that you pay, and you owe me $40 for the bills of ours that I paid. Here's $40 in cash; we're even."
She did not understand this.
I literally had to go get another $40 out of the ATM, and hand the $80 to her. Then I had her hand me the $40 she owed me.
"Now how much do you have in your hand?"
She still didn't understand.
She somehow has a college degree.
When we were kids my brother and I got in a physical fight because he said I like mini wheats and I insisted I didn't. His argument was that I always sang the mini wheats song and I was deeply offended that he wasn't aware that it was just stuck in my head but I hated the cereal. I actually did like the cereal I'm not sure why I was arguing with him about it but I remember how genuinely angry I was.
I'll tell you about the only legal trouble I've ever been in, the fight that got me arrested. It started over whether we should return a box of crayons or not, and to this day I don't have any idea how it escalated to the point of the cops being called, but they were and I was the one taken in.
My boyfriend insisted that when two people are in an argument and one makes a point so reasonable and logical the other one can't disagree with it - it's unfair. I tried, logically and reasonably, to explain several times why that is just winning the argument, proving your point thoroughly and is completely fair.
His answer was that I was being unfair.
How the ch in masochism is pronounced. My friend caught me saying "masoKism" while he would say "masoSYism."
To be fair, he grew up speaking French, in which the ch in masochism is pronounced in "his" way. But he insisted that I was the wrong one here and that was just infuriating.
A woman was adamant that looking at the big solar eclipse on the television was unsafe unless you were wearing glasses. She wouldn't believe us and insisted on emailing NASA to check.
A Non-Standard Ruler?
I worked for a company that made signs. We had a customer ask for signs that were 7mm wide that were to go on a door. Our sign makers figured the order meant inches because 7mm is pretty small, so made them 7 inches. I got a phone call from the customer who went mad at me for making them the wrong size. So I put a reorder through for 7 mm.
Argued with the sign makers over it but they eventually agreed to do it after I shown them the order in writing. I even had the customer put her complaint in writing, reiterating the size they wanted.
7mm signs went out and a day later I get the customer on the phone literally screaming at me.
Cue the dumb argument - we ended up having an argument over how big a millimetre is, and obviously everyone in the office were laughing, but this customer just wouldn't accept it and said we must be using a non-standard ruler to measure.
Ended up being escalating to the sales department manager who refused to issue a refund. We still don't know what they actually meant.
This Unusual Vegan Argument
Was in a pub with a few friends, and some random Dude dropped an ear, and somehow figured I'm vegan. Well, people like him are the reason I usually avoid mentioning it. He came up to me and insisted on starting a discussion about veganism. He claimed that by the end of it, I would be eating meat again.
He listed some stupid arguments, I told him I was not convinced and then tried to keep on drinking beer with my friends. He followed me, and wanted me to "try to convert him to a vegan." I stupidly listed some of my reasons thinking it would make him go away. He told me he still was not convinced, so I was like whatever. Again, I really just wanted to drink beer with my friends.
That dude followed me all night and expected me to try make him vegan. Doesn't matter what I said, and all the reasons that for me are obviously good enough to be vegan. He'd be just like "No, that doesn't convince me, therefore your argument and how you life is stupid."
Didn't matter how often I told him that I honestly don't care; 5 minutes later he would come up to me again "I'm still not vegan, so veganism is stupid, all your arguments were stupid, now give me a good reason to become vegan!" At one point, I was literally yelling at him that I don't give a single flying f about what he eats and why, that it's in no way my responsibility to "turn somebody vegan" and in no way his business what I eat.
Honestly, for that dude, I would have bought a whole ham, just to shove it up his stupid annoying face.
In college my roommate and I argued about a line in Monty Python & the Holy Grail. The scene with the Black Knight where the line "Alright, we'll call it a draw" is uttered. We argued about who said that line, whether it was King Arthur or the Black Knight.
It went on for hours longer than it should have because I was stubborn and refused to admit I was wrong.
Albert or ArnoldGiphy
Whether Albert Einstein or Arnold Schwarzenegger would be more useful to have around during a Zombie apocalypse. How on earth would Albert Einstein come in handy!?
Below Sea Level
I live on an island and when you go upland and you look out the sea looks like it's higher than or on the same level as the land. It's just a weird perspective thing because of the horizon. One day some kid says that it's because the island is under sea level.
I'm like wtf bro all of us would be with the fishes. He argues that no that's not true and if I just go upland I'll see. We then spend a good 5 minutes of my time arguing about it until I decided to leave this kid in his stupidity. He even said we shouldn't believe everything adults tell us and sometimes we need to think for ourselves.
This kid was older than me and was going to a good school. Lost my respect for him ever since then.
Someone tried to fight with me over how to spell my name.
Now, my name is in a lot of languages with slightly different spellings. I would have accepted any of those spellings, but this one was just... Not even close. It didn't make any logical sense.
An analogous example is if my name was Thomas and someone was insisting it was spelled Tomash. And not just the name Thomas in general, but that me specifically, on my birth certificate, was named Tomash. I know how to spell my own name.
I swear to god, it went on for like an hour.
Whales Are Mammals
I was in an online chat room one day, and we were talking about whales. I commented on how whales are mammals and the next thing you know, someone was arguing with me and trying to convince me that a whale was a fish.
Stupid microwaves. Having a man child talk down to me about how microwaves work only for him to google it and prove me right. He slept on the sofa that night.
My friend keeps telling me that the norm is that a person should shower once a week. This has been going on for years. I'm almost convinced he's trolling me.
No Balloons For Grandma
My cousin and I argued over a balloon going to Heaven. We were at his big sisters prom send off and he let a balloon go and it went high into the sky.
He then said this balloon will go up past space and go to Heaven and reach grandma (God rest her soul). And I was like no it's not and it's probably not even gonna reach space. Releasing balloons is terrible for the environment and kills/harms so much wildlife.
He got really mad and defensive and started telling me to google it and do my research and I'm like I don't have to google it you idiot. He was mad at me for a good week.
Spontaneous Dolphin ExistenceGiphy
How dolphins reproduced. It took me a few solid minutes of explaining to her that dolphins have reproductive organs and that they did not just pop into existence. The argument began with her saying she wanted to work with sea creatures.
Personally, I hope she was messing with me cause I lost a little faith in humanity that day.
I repeatedly had the argument with a friend over whether roosters were chickens. She was convinced that only the females were chickens (hens). We were 18 at the time.
Me and my friend were drinking underage, we ended up in an argument of whether lightning McQueen's eyes were blue or green. Somehow throughout the whole thing both of us never thought to straight up google a picture.
But ... Ice Floats
Woman wanted ice on the bottom of her drink.
Now read that sentence again and try to imagine arguing with that particular brand of stupid.
Time Zones Exist
Coworker claimed that it was the same time of day and the same season on the whole globe. Had to get 4 coworkers to confirm to him that time zones do in fact exist.
My brother is colorblind. And he CONSTANTLY tries to correct me on what color things are.
"Hey could you hand me that red _____?"
"no, it's red"
"YOU CANT EVEN KNOW"
It is the base of our most common and heated arguments.
I'm late, but I saw this question and instantly remembered that I was booted from a Facebook group because I called someone out on a lie that was not only bull, but extremely pointless. She was friends with the moderator and they made the case that my argument over such a little lie was more of a problem than the lie itself (though they didn't refer to it as a lie.)
The woman said that she used to babysit for Andre 3000 and that his name was Andre 2000 - but he changed it after the year 2000 had passed. This was so easily disproven it was ridiculous. Their debut album came out in 1994 and he was already going by Andre 3000 at that time.
The argument wasn't a huge long drawn out thing, but the fact that either of us were on Facebook at separate times meant that the responses were over a long period of time so this argument lasted a few days.
It was stupid.
Stars Like Our Sun
I was arguing with my grandpa about stars he didn't believe that there are other stars like our sun. Basically he thought there is only the sun, the moon and the earth.
I have a degree in history. I mostly focused on nationalism. Wrote a 50 page paper on it and Richard Nixon with around 50 100 sources. Looked at micro film for hours on end. Part of the paper focused on how Nixon being chair of the house committee of Unamerican Activities was used as a powerful weapon to use against political enemies. It also inspired Joe McCarthy. Have had people tell me I was wrong and Nixon was never elected to a position besides the president and Joe McCarthy came before Nixon. I stopped trying to talk history to people.
I also know quite a bit about the history of the Balkans its amazing how many Serbs refuse to believe Tito did anything wrong.
Wrote 100 page paper on nationalism in Israel. Its frustrating to talk about because for some reason a lot of people think Palestinian firing rockets randomly into Israel is ok but if Israel retaliates the people get up in arms over a targeted air strike that kills 3 people.
Balloon to Heaven
My cousin and I argued over a balloon going to Heaven. We were at his big sisters prom send off and he let a balloon go and it went high into the sky. He then said this balloon will go up past space and go to Heaven and reach grandma (God rest her soul). And I was like no it's not and it's probably not even gonna reach space.
And he got really mad and defensive and started telling me to google it and do my research and I'm like I don't have to google it you idiot. He was mad at me for a good week.
I got into an argument with a co-worker over how we were attaching two pages of a letter together: small binder clips or paper clips.
He felt that paper clips would leave a "dent" in the paper when removed, but binder clips won't. He refused to staple them together. I felt that binder clips would also leave a "dent", so we might as well just use the paper clips.
It ended with him saying: "Do what you want [me], I don't care!" and storming off.
Once got accused of faking being Jewish. Why? I have no clue. We argued over the course of a month, any time I'd bring it up and she heard about it, she'd begin going after me for "faking it".
My mother's side is ethnically Jewish. Grandparents were practicing.
3 friends and I once got into an argument about how to pronounce Nutella. It lasted for about 3-4 months. It was hilarious how serious we took it, it'd get heated but never for real serious.
I think someone even called the company that made it to check, or that may have been for the Cheetos company. We were really bored in high school.
Late to the party, but there it is.
I'm a manager at a small store. We're only 4 working there, so my team and I grew very close and we joke around a lot. Once during a slow shift, my employee and I had an argument because we were looking at the lingerie boxes, and I thought that two specific boxes had the same woman on it, but she was 100% positive they weren't the same person.
Looking back, I don't know why it was such a big deal to us at the time, but we even called another employee who lives across the street to come and tell us what the heck was up with that. Turns out I was right, and she was pretty salty about it. It was a great night.
Wicked Witch of the West
I almost got into an argument with an old girlfriend over Glinda the good witch from Oz. She insisted that Glinda was manipulating Dorothy to assassinate the Wicked Witch of the West and convince the Wizard to leave to create a political void she could fill.
I conceded the issue when I heard the whole premise because I thought it was too damn stupid to get worked up over.
Keep Your Hands to Yourself
Just the other day I legit got in an argument with my co-workers on why I don't like my butt being grabbed by anyone (I'm a guy). Seriously.
They went on about "I don't mind it. Mike and I do it all the time and we don't care." Yeah, that's nice dude, but I'm not you, and there's something called "Keep your hands to yourself" (which was taught to a good portion of us growing up). Just like how Karen wouldn't like it if I touched her boobs or her grabbing your crotch or frankly ANY area you wouldn't like being grabbed, keep away. In general, you should not be touching me in any areas after I've told you not to several times before.
So unless you're sleeping me or dating me, keep your damn hands off my toosh.
My best friend and I argued over whether or not telekinesis was possible. Her argument was that humans don't yet know what the human brain at 100% usage was capable of, and that telekinesis was inside the possibilities.
I said the brain does use 100%, just at different times.
We didn't speak to each other for four days.
How dolphins reproduced and whether or not ghost existed (back to back with the same person). It took me a few solid minutes of explaining to her that dolphins have reproductive organs and that they did not just pop into existence (the argument began with her saying she wanted to work with sea creatures).
How it shifted to the existence of ghosts is a solid and reasonable question to ask (I don't remember why). I had to then proceed to tell her that ghost hunting TV shows do not constitute as undeniable evidence.
Personally, I hope she was messing with me cause I lost a little faith in humanity that day. This was in high school SO... hopefully she was kidding.
Dogs and ChocolateGiphy
I told this stupid woman that chocolate is toxic to dogs. She went on to tell me how a little bit will just make them hyper and then they will calm down. I told her to google it. Her and her bf shut right up. Now they have a kid. Good luck, Jeremy and Andrea. morons.
I should also add that this argument started because Jeremy was giving his tiny dog chocolate and I told him it was toxic.
Is water wet?
My roommate and I have a recurring argument over whether or not water is wet l, and whether or not a person is considered wet underwater.
For the record, it is no to both questions.
A kid a church telling me about the mission trip I went on. Not only was I not on that trip, but I had never been on any mission trip. We were good friends, so it's not like he would've mistaken someone else for me.
He insisted I was there as if an entire week long trip would just fall out of my memory. He even had stories of things we'd done together. I'm not sure if he thought I was lying, joking, stupid, or crazy, but I was pretty sure he was some combination thereof.
One time I got into a shouting match with my mom and little brother in the car. The issue? The names of the two-headed dragon from the PBS kids afternoon show Dragon Tales. I swore it was Zack and Macie.
It was actually Zak and Wheezie. I don't even remember why we were yelling about it.
Green Or Yellow?
When I was about 15 or so my mother and I spent about 20-30 minutes arguing about the color of a shirt. We agreed it was blue/green, but to me it was just a shade more blue, while to her it was just a bit more green.
Turns out, your eyeballs yellow as you age and hers were 24 years yellower than mine, so I think that skewed her color vision.
Stars In Their MultitudeGiphy
I once got in an argument over whether or not a line from the song "Stars" in Les Mis says "...but mine is the way of the lord" or "mine is the way of the law".
I didn't even really care what he thought but he was so adamant and cocky that it got me heated. By the end of it we were shouting at each other and I had to apologize, which I think is what he wanted the whole time.
My brother is colorblind. And he CONSTANTLY tries to correct me on what color things are.
"Hey could you hand me that red _____?" "that's orange" "no, it's red" "orange" "YOU CANT EVEN KNOW".
It is the base of our most common and heated arguments.
About five years ago, my girlfriend (now wife) once had a very intense argument about whether or not hot water cleaned things better than cold water.
She genuinely believed that water temperature didn't matter. This is someone who has not one, but two masters degrees.
We argued for something like 2 hours, and we seriously almost broke up over the whole thing.
I had an argument with a girl IN THE MIDDLE OF A BIOLOGY CLASS in high school about how humans are not mammals. She thought a human was a human and we are not mammals because "mammals are animals and humans are not animals"
I tried explaining to her the difference between reptiles and mammals and how humans fall under the mammal category to try and educate her... but she just wouldn't listen.
I still have no idea why the BIOLOGY teacher did not get involved...
Solid Or Liquid?
Some classmates and I got into a heated debate as to whether or not the human body could count as a soup, salad, or sandwich. The teacher got mad at us, but hey! All we were doing was watching a movie.
For the record, my logic lays with soup- Liquid contained within a solid, at a hot temperature.